The printing industry has accelerated the opening-up of 473 wholly foreign-owned enterprises. In the past few months, the news about the printing industry's introduction of the opening-up policy has been very popular in the industry, and many foreign and domestic printing companies have sought Professor Tan to "spy" on the situation. Finally, at noon one day at the end of August, the accurate news came out. China's "Regulations on the administration of printing industry" had been revised, and the biggest revision was to allow foreign businessmen to set up wholly-owned enterprises engaged in printing business activities of packaging and decoration printed materials
it is understood that insiders almost summarize the revision of the regulations in this way. In 1997, China's first administrative regulation on the printing industry, the regulations on the administration of the printing industry, was issued, Article 15 of which clearly prohibits the establishment of all kinds of printing enterprises solely owned by foreign businessmen that can improve the accuracy of universal testing machines. A Sino foreign joint venture may be established with the consent of the publication administration department of the provincial people's Government where it is located and after it is submitted to the national publication administration department for examination and approval
the printing industry is a systematic processing industry, which can be divided into two parts: printing and equipment. In printing, according to products, it can be divided into three categories: publications, packaging and decoration prints and other prints. The printing industry management regulations in 1997 has a tight control on foreign investment in the printing industry. An authoritative person, who asked not to be named, said in an interview with 21st Century Business Herald: "although these three categories were allowed to set up Sino foreign joint ventures at that time, the review of the relevant departments was based on the foreign investment guidance catalogue formulated by the State Planning Commission. In the catalogue, the error of the test results of the printing industry was negative, which was an discouraged project, so the approval was also relatively strict, and the Chinese side was required to hold shares."
Wu Wenxiang, President of China Printing Technology Association, once revealed a series of important figures in a paper: as of 2000, there were 82189 printing enterprises in China, with 303 employees. The samples were pretreated at 23 ℃ and 2 ℃ for more than 24 hours. Among them, there are 8152 publication printing enterprises, 20409 packaging and decoration printing enterprises, and 53628 other printing enterprises. According to the nature of ownership, there are 7880 state-owned enterprises, 30219 collective enterprises, 2295 foreign-funded enterprises, 4498 limited companies, 2547 joint stock limited companies, 9833 private enterprises, 23165 individual enterprises and 1752 others. These enterprises travel in the ocean of 144000 books, more than 8000 magazines, more than 2000 newspapers and an increasingly dazzling range of packaging and decoration prints published every year in China
at present, foreign-funded enterprises engaged in the supply of printing equipment, packaging and decoration, printing of publications and other printed materials and paper production in China are mainly from Germany and Japan. In May this year, more than 600 printing enterprises from 20 countries participated in the "Seventh World printing conference" in Beijing. Heidelberg, the world's largest printing equipment supplier, exclusively contracted the No. 2 hall with an area of 3400 square meters. According to behardcharrell, chairman of Heidelberg, the current per capita consumption of publication packaging and decoration products in China is about $35, while that in Germany is $300. With the rapid development of China's economy, China's printing industry will become the fastest-growing market in the world. The U.S. Department of Commerce estimates that China's printing industry will grow by more than 10% in the coming period
Mr. Zhao Ping, general manager of Heidelberg China, said in an exclusive interview with 21st Century Business Herald: "Heidelberg has entered the Chinese market since the late 1970s. At present, about 100 offset printers are sold to China every year, which is estimated to exceed 50% of China's current market demand. China has more than 2000 newspapers, twice the number of 10 years ago, and the urban readers are usually 60% of the total population of the city. China's advertising business and packaging and decoration industry are growing rapidly. The great potential of economic development also indicates the extraordinary development of China's printing industry Market potential. " The further opening of the printing market is obviously good news. In an interview with this newspaper, Qian Yehui, China Senior Manager of Japan's Lintec Zhushi society, a listed company that accounts for 70% of Japan's domestic self-adhesive market, said: "We are extremely concerned about the dynamics of China's open market and are also formulating plans for the next step. In China, compared with book publishing, packaging and decoration and other printed materials, packaging and decoration is the most promising part in the next period. I know that many Japanese and Korean enterprises have shifted their strategic focus to China."
on August 9, the construction project of "Hualian printing center" was started in Beijing. Its owner, Beijing Hualian Printing Co., Ltd., was jointly invested by China business union printing (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd. and China National Printing Corporation, with an initial investment of 200million yuan. In an interview, a relevant person of the company said that Hualian printing company is mainly positioned in the business of high-end book printing and packaging printing products. This is regarded by many people in the industry as the embodiment of Hong Kong funded northern expedition. According to statistics, there are more than 300 printing enterprises with an investment of more than 30million yuan in Guangdong Province, more than 40 with an investment of more than 100 million yuan, while only 35 enterprises with an investment of more than 25million yuan in Beijing. Another comparison is that in 1999, the output value of designated enterprises of books and periodicals in 10 provinces and cities in the West was 1.86 billion yuan, which is less than the printing output value of Longgang Town, Wenzhou (2billion yuan). It can be seen that the unbalanced development between regions also provides a broad stage for Chinese and foreign printing enterprises
if the time goes back to 1985, the bosses of these 150000 printing enterprises in the country will be happy. At that time, foreign-funded enterprises mainly engaged in processing with supplied materials prevailed. In order to meet the needs of foreign investors, printing enterprises in coastal areas started one after another, and the supply fell short of demand. Around 1992, low-end packaging and processing products became increasingly saturated, and foreign capital began to flow into printing equipment, papermaking, packaging and decoration industries, including wholly-owned enterprises
in 1997, the "printing industry management regulations" was issued, which clearly prohibited the establishment of wholly foreign-owned printing enterprises, and some foreign-funded enterprises that have been established face the question of survival or death. As of last year, among the more than 80000 printing enterprises in China, 2295 were foreign-funded enterprises, including 1055 Sino foreign joint ventures, 267 Sino foreign cooperation enterprises, 473 wholly foreign-owned enterprises, and 232 wholly foreign-owned enterprises in Guangdong Province alone. On the one hand, these enterprises are wholly foreign-owned packaging and decoration printing enterprises approved by all levels before the promulgation of the regulations in 1997. On the other hand, due to the compatibility of equipment, some wholly foreign-owned enterprises are also engaged in the printing of books, newspapers and other publications that are still not allowed to be wholly foreign-owned. The boss of a wholly foreign-owned enterprise in Guangdong, who declined to be named, said reluctantly, "our company was established in 1993. After the regulations came out in 1997, some departments also talked with us to see if they could jointly invest with local state-owned or private enterprises. We felt that it was inefficient, and this matter has not been solved. Now, I really want to have a legitimate identity!"
when asked about these questions, an official from the relevant competent department learned: "according to the provisions of Article 12 of the revised regulations, there are specific measures for the establishment of Foreign-funded Joint Ventures or wholly foreign-owned companies' formulated by the publication administration department of the State Council in conjunction with the competent department of foreign economic relations and trade of the State Council '. The specific measures are still being formulated, and this problem will be clearly solved soon." An insider judged that due to the state's adjustment of the industrial structure of the printing industry, the specific measures will not unconditionally allow any wholly foreign-owned enterprises to enter, and there may be requirements in terms of capital, technology, product grade and so on
in addition, according to China's current tax policy, foreign-funded enterprises in the printing industry are within the total investment, and imported equipment for their own use can be exempted from tariffs and value-added tax, while domestic enterprises cannot. Under this item alone, for example, if a state-owned enterprise purchases the same imported equipment of Heidelberg company, it will pay an additional tax of 2 to 3 million yuan than a foreign-funded enterprise. Obviously, it was originally to encourage enterprises to import international high-grade printing equipment, but for domestic enterprises, it has now become the object of non national treatment
the relevant person of the General Administration of press believes that the specific measures of the regulations on the administration of the printing industry under study should change this unfair practice, and China's accession to the WTO is imminent. While implementing fair treatment externally, it should also be fair internally. In that case, appropriate collection of tariffs or value-added tax may be the general direction of reform